Effects of B(1) inhomogeneity correction for three-dimensional variable flip angle T(1) measurements in hip dGEMRIC at 3 T and 1.5 T.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Delayed gadolinium-enhanced MRI of cartilage is a technique for studying the development of osteoarthritis using quantitative T(1) measurements. Three-dimensional variable flip angle is a promising method for performing such measurements rapidly, by using two successive spoiled gradient echo sequences with different excitation pulse flip angles. However, the three-dimensional variable flip angle method is very sensitive to inhomogeneities in the transmitted B(1) field in vivo. In this study, a method for correcting for such inhomogeneities, using an additional B(1) mapping spin-echo sequence, was evaluated. Phantom studies concluded that three-dimensional variable flip angle with B(1) correction calculates accurate T(1) values also in areas with high B(1) deviation. Retrospective analysis of in vivo hip delayed gadolinium-enhanced MRI of cartilage data from 40 subjects showed the difference between three-dimensional variable flip angle with and without B(1) correction to be generally two to three times higher at 3 T than at 1.5 T. In conclusion, the B(1) variations should always be taken into account, both at 1.5 T and at 3 T. Magn Reson Med, 2011. © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.


Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging


  • B1 correction, T1 mapping, dGEMRIC, cartilage
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1776-1781
JournalMagnetic Resonance in Medicine
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Publication categoryResearch