Effects of intrapleural mitoxantrone and mepacrine on malignant pleural effusion--a randomised study
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article
30 patients with malignant pleuritis were randomised to be treated, either with intrapleural instillation of mepacrine chloride or with mitoxantrone. The patients were evaluated with chest X-ray and a symptom questionnaire during a follow-up period of 12 weeks. Mitoxantrone levels in the pleural space and plasma were measured at different time points in some of the patients. High concentrations of mitoxantrone were found in the pleural fluid while the plasma concentrations were low, giving a plasma/intracavity ratio generally of less than 1:60. The chest X-rays showed excellent results for both treatment modalities. However, the patients treated with mepacrine chloride experienced greater discomfort with fever and pain, and those treated with mitoxantrone reported significantly less dyspnoea and less asthenia after 4 weeks. We conclude that both treatments are equally effective in preventing the recurrence of malignant effusion. However, mitoxantrone seems to have further advantages when it comes to improving the quality of life.
|Research areas and keywords||
Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY
|Journal||European Journal of Cancer|
|Publication status||Published - 1995|