Effects of nonionic monomeric and dimeric contrast media on the twitching reaction of the rat. Importance of osmolality and electrolyte content

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Abstract

RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES. The authors established a rat model of the twitching reaction to contrast media in striated muscle and investigated the influence of nonionic contrast medium on the twitching reaction regarding the nonionic dimer iodixanol compared with the monomer iohexol and the dimer iotrolan. The authors also studied the influences from the electrolyte additions of iodixanol. METHODS. The interval from start of contrast medium injection to start of head movement was compared for iohexol (140 and 350 mg iodine/mL), iodixanol (150 and 320 mg iodine/mL), and iotrolan (300 mg iodine/mL). Comparison was made with mannitol and mannitol containing the same electrolyte concentrations as iodixanol (150 and 320 mg iodine/mL). RESULTS. No differences in latency period were found between iohexol 140 mg iodine/mL (isotonic) and 350 mg iodine/mL (880 mOsm/kg). Iodixanol caused a lesser effect on the twitching reaction than the iohexol solutions and iotrolan. When the electrolytes of iodixanol were added to mannitol (300 mOsm/kg), there was a later onset of the twitching reaction than with electrolyte-free mannitol. CONCLUSIONS. Differences in latency period caused by a change in osmolality were not found. The interval for a twitching reaction was longer with iodixanol than with iohexol, iotrolan, and iso-osmolar mannitol. The weak effect of the iodixanol solution was probably partially caused by the electrolyte content.

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  • Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)985-989
JournalInvestigative Radiology
Volume29
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1994
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes