Effects of propofol on substance P-induced relaxation in isolated human omental arteries and veins

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Abstract

To elucidate if an effect of propofol on endothelium-dependent relaxation could contribute to propofol-induced vasodilation, smooth muscle relaxation of isolated human omental artery and vein segments precontracted by endothelin-1 were measured. Substance P induced a concentration-dependent relaxation (mean +/- SEM) in both artery (63 +/-8.4% of precontraction, n = 9) and vein (60+/-11%, n = 7). The relaxation was enhanced by 10(-6) M propofol (artery, 72+/-9.5%, n = 9; vein, 81+/-12%, n = 7) but not affected by 10(-7), 10(-5) and 10(-4) M propofol. In the presence of Nomega-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (nitric oxide synthase inhibitor), 10(-6) M propofol still enhanced the substance P-induced relaxation in arteries but not veins, whereas 10(-4) M propofol inhibited the relaxation in both arteries (rightward shift of the concentration-response curve) and veins (28+/-7.5%, n = 8). In the presence of potassium chloride (to prevent hyperpolarization), the enhancement of substance P-induced relaxation by 10(-6) M propofol was abolished in both arteries and veins whereas 10(-5) and 10(-4) M propofol reduced the relaxation in arteries (38+/-13% at 10(-5) M, n = 6; 30+/-11% at 10(-4) M, n = 6) but not in veins. These results demonstrate that propofol, at lower, clinically relevant concentrations, promotes endothelium-dependent relaxation mediated via hyperpolarization in human omental arteries and via both nitric oxide and hyperpolarization in human omental veins.

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Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Anesthesiology and Intensive Care

Keywords

  • anaesthetics, intravenous, propofol, tachykinins, substance P, arteries, omental, veins, endothelium, vascular.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)720-728
JournalEuropean Journal of Anaesthesiology
Volume17
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2000
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

Bibliographic note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Division of Infection Medicine (BMC) (013024020), Pediatrics/Urology/Gynecology/Endocrinology (013240400)