Effects of UVB radiation on grazing of two cladocerans from high-altitude Andean lakes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Climate change and water extraction may result in increased exposition of the biota to ultraviolet-B radiation (UVB) in high-altitude Andean lakes. Although exposition to lethal doses in these lakes is unlikely, sub-lethal UVB doses may have strong impacts in key compartments such as zooplankton. Here, we aimed at determining the effect of sub-lethal UVB doses on filtration rates of two cladoceran species (Daphnia pulicaria and Ceriodaphnia dubia). We firstly estimated the Incipient Limiting Concentration (ILC) and the Gut Passage Time (GPT) for both species. Thereafter we exposed clones of each species to four increasing UVB doses (treatments): i) DUV-0 (Control), ii) DUV-1 (0.02 MJ m2), iii) DUV-2 (0.03 MJ m2) and iv) DUV-3 (0.15 MJ m2); and estimated their filtration rates using fluorescent micro-spheres. Our results suggest that increasing sub-lethal doses of UVB radiation may strongly disturb the structure and functioning of high-altitude Andean lakes. Filtration rates of D. pulicaria were not affected by the lowest dose applied (DUV-1), but decreased by 50% in treatments DUV-2 and DUV-3. Filtration rates for C. dubia were reduced by more than 80% in treatments DUV-1 and DUV-2 and 100% of mortality occurred at the highest UVB dose applied (DUV-3).

Details

Authors
  • Carla Fernandez Espinoza
  • Danny Rejas
Organisations
External organisations
  • Universidad Mayor de San Simon
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Ecology

Keywords

  • Ultraviolet radiation, grazing, fluorescent micro-spheres, climate change, Bolivia
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume12
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Apr 5
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

Bibliographic note

Citation: Fernández CE, Rejas D (2017) Effects of UVB radiation on grazing of two cladocerans from high-altitude Andean lakes. PLoS ONE 12(4): e0174334. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0174334

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