Effekt av att använda kylväst under brandmansarbete

Research output: Book/ReportReport


The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of wearing a light-weight ice-vest (1kg, water) on physiological and subjective responses in fire fighter’s work. The experiments were carried out in a climatic chamber, in a container under extreme radiant heat, and during simulated smoke-diving. In addition, the physical cooling effect of the ice-vest was measured with a thermal mannequin. Four experienced fire fighters participated in the experiments. In all tests, the subjects wore the standard clothing for fire fighters with the self-contained breathing apparatus. The total extra weight carried was 21-23 kg. The ice-vest was worn over the underwear. The laboratory tests consisted of 30 minutes of treadmill walking at a moderate (4km/h, no inclination), and a heavy (4 km/h, inclination of 4 degrees) work intensity in the heat (45oC, 30%) without and with the ice-vest. The results showed that the ice-vest effectively reduced skin temperatures under the vest, especially on the back under the breathing apparatus. Wearing the ice-vest did not affect the metabolic rate, skin temperatures outside the vest or the rise in rectal temperature. On average, heart rate was ca. 10 beats/min lower, amount of sweating was reduced by 13%, and subjective sensation of effort and warmth were lower during work with the ice-vest compared to work without it. The results from tests in the container and in the smoke-diving house largely supported the laboratory results. According to the thermal mannequin tests, the useful energy available from the vest for body cooling was rather high (58%). In conclusion, the light-weight ice-vest clearly reduces circulatory, thermal, and subjective strain during demanding smoke-diving tasks. It was estimated that the added benefit is 10-15%.


  • Juhani Smolander
  • Kalev Kuklane
  • Désirée Gavhed
  • Håkan Nilsson
  • Eva Karlsson
  • Ingvar Holmér
External organisations
  • External Organization - Unknown
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics


  • brandmansarbete, rökdykning, termisk ansträngning, kylverkan, isväst, värmebelastning
Original languageSwedish
PublisherRäddningsverket, Karlstad, Sweden
Number of pages28
ISBN (Print)91-7253-035-9
Publication statusPublished - 1999
Publication categoryResearch

Publication series

NameFoU rapport

Related research output

Juhani Smolander, Kalev Kuklane, Désirée Gavhed, Håkan Nilsson & Ingvar Holmér, 2004, In: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics. 10, 2, p. 111-117

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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