Elderly at risk in care transitions When discharge summaries are poorly transferred and used -a descriptive study

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Discharge summary with medication report effectively counteracts drug-related problems among elderly patients due to insufficient information transfer in care transitions. However, this requires optimal transfer and use of the discharge summaries. This study aimed to examine information transfer with discharge summaries from hospital to primary care.

METHODS: A descriptive study with data consisting of discharge summaries of 115 patients, 75 years or older, using five or more drugs, collected during one week from 28 different hospital wards in Skåne county, Sweden. Two weeks after discharge, information transfer was examined via review of primary care medical records. It was noted whether the discharge summary was received (i.e. scanned to the primary care medical records), if the medication list was updated with drug changes and if a patient chart entry regarding medication or its follow-up was made in the primary care medical records. An electronic survey, which was sent to 151 primary care units in Skåne county, was used to examine experiences of the information transfer.

RESULTS: Out of 115 discharge summaries, 47 (41%) were found in the primary care medical records. Patient chart entries regarding medication or its follow-up were seen in 53 (46%) cases. Drug changes during hospitalisation were seen in 51 out of 76 patients without multidose drug dispensing. In 16 (31%) out of these cases, medication lists were updated in primary care medical records. In the electronic survey, 22 (21%) out of the 107 responding primary care units reported the discharge summary was often received on the day of discharge, while 71 (66%) respondents indicated the discharge summary was always/often received but later. Medication list updates and patient chart entries in the primary care medical records were always/often done upon receipt of the discharge summary according to 61 (57%) respondents.

CONCLUSION: The transfer of information was often deficient and the discharge summaries were insufficiently used. Many discharge summaries were lost, an insufficient proportion of medication lists were updated and patient chart entries were often lacking. These findings may increase the risk of medication errors and drug-related problems for elderly in care transitions.

Details

Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • Department of Medicines Management and Informatics in Skåne County
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Social and Clinical Pharmacy
  • Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy
Original languageEnglish
Article number770
Number of pages9
JournalBMC Health Services Research
Volume18
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Oct 11
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes