Elites, networks and the Finnish connection in Birka

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingBook chapter

Standard

Elites, networks and the Finnish connection in Birka. / Gustin, Ingrid.

New Aspects on Viking Age Urbanism c. AD 750-1100: Proceedings of the International Symposium at the Swedish History Museum, April 17-20th 2013. ed. / Lena Holmquist; Sven Kalmring; Charlotte Hedenstierna-Jonson. Stockholm : Archaeological Research Laboratory, Stockhom University, 2016. p. 49-61 (Theses and papers in archaeology. B; Vol. 12).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingBook chapter

Harvard

Gustin, I 2016, Elites, networks and the Finnish connection in Birka. in L Holmquist, S Kalmring & C Hedenstierna-Jonson (eds), New Aspects on Viking Age Urbanism c. AD 750-1100: Proceedings of the International Symposium at the Swedish History Museum, April 17-20th 2013. Theses and papers in archaeology. B, vol. 12, Archaeological Research Laboratory, Stockhom University, Stockholm, pp. 49-61, Ancient Centres, Special Economic Zones and - Restart!, Stockholm, Sweden, 2013/04/17.

APA

Gustin, I. (2016). Elites, networks and the Finnish connection in Birka. In L. Holmquist, S. Kalmring, & C. Hedenstierna-Jonson (Eds.), New Aspects on Viking Age Urbanism c. AD 750-1100: Proceedings of the International Symposium at the Swedish History Museum, April 17-20th 2013 (pp. 49-61). (Theses and papers in archaeology. B; Vol. 12). Archaeological Research Laboratory, Stockhom University.

CBE

Gustin I. 2016. Elites, networks and the Finnish connection in Birka. Holmquist L, Kalmring S, Hedenstierna-Jonson C, editors. In New Aspects on Viking Age Urbanism c. AD 750-1100: Proceedings of the International Symposium at the Swedish History Museum, April 17-20th 2013. Stockholm: Archaeological Research Laboratory, Stockhom University. pp. 49-61. (Theses and papers in archaeology. B).

MLA

Gustin, Ingrid "Elites, networks and the Finnish connection in Birka"., Holmquist, Lena Kalmring, Sven Hedenstierna-Jonson, Charlotte (editors). New Aspects on Viking Age Urbanism c. AD 750-1100: Proceedings of the International Symposium at the Swedish History Museum, April 17-20th 2013. Theses and papers in archaeology. B. Stockholm: Archaeological Research Laboratory, Stockhom University. 2016, 49-61.

Vancouver

Gustin I. Elites, networks and the Finnish connection in Birka. In Holmquist L, Kalmring S, Hedenstierna-Jonson C, editors, New Aspects on Viking Age Urbanism c. AD 750-1100: Proceedings of the International Symposium at the Swedish History Museum, April 17-20th 2013. Stockholm: Archaeological Research Laboratory, Stockhom University. 2016. p. 49-61. (Theses and papers in archaeology. B).

Author

Gustin, Ingrid. / Elites, networks and the Finnish connection in Birka. New Aspects on Viking Age Urbanism c. AD 750-1100: Proceedings of the International Symposium at the Swedish History Museum, April 17-20th 2013. editor / Lena Holmquist ; Sven Kalmring ; Charlotte Hedenstierna-Jonson. Stockholm : Archaeological Research Laboratory, Stockhom University, 2016. pp. 49-61 (Theses and papers in archaeology. B).

RIS

TY - CHAP

T1 - Elites, networks and the Finnish connection in Birka

AU - Gustin, Ingrid

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - In research on Birka strong focus has since long been directed towards long-distance contacts with Western as well with and Northeastern Europe (todays Russia, Belarus and Ukraine). The great attention paid to west- and east European contacts has likely contributed to that contacts with Finland have fallen out of the discussions. However as seen from studies of the pottery in Birka the Baltic Finnish ware constitute the second largest group when it comes to imports to the town. In the graves on Björkö there are finds of this type of ware as well as of dress details deriving from or showing heavy influence from the Finnish mainland. Some of these finds derive from the most lavishly furnished chamber graves in Birka, indicating that the elite in the town were part of a network that was directly or indirectly connected to groups on the Finnish mainland. Besides Baltic Finnish pottery or dress details from Finland these graves also contained objects such as weights, scales and Islamic coins – items indicating an affiliation to groups involved in the sale and exchange of goods. Finds of standardized weights in south western Finland is a clear indication that this region was part of a supra regional network in the Viking Age just like Birka. Objects from Finland found in Birka on one hand and objects from Scandinavian and central Sweden found in Finland on the other confirm that there has been a close connection between the Mälaren region and south western Finland. Probably products such as furs distributed by the elite in Vakka Suomi attracted groups in eastern Sweden and Birka. However the elite in Birka might also have had other reasons for maintaining contacts with groups in south western Finland. People in south western Finland were linked to routes and networks spanning much further east and by extension also to the riches of the Caliphate.

AB - In research on Birka strong focus has since long been directed towards long-distance contacts with Western as well with and Northeastern Europe (todays Russia, Belarus and Ukraine). The great attention paid to west- and east European contacts has likely contributed to that contacts with Finland have fallen out of the discussions. However as seen from studies of the pottery in Birka the Baltic Finnish ware constitute the second largest group when it comes to imports to the town. In the graves on Björkö there are finds of this type of ware as well as of dress details deriving from or showing heavy influence from the Finnish mainland. Some of these finds derive from the most lavishly furnished chamber graves in Birka, indicating that the elite in the town were part of a network that was directly or indirectly connected to groups on the Finnish mainland. Besides Baltic Finnish pottery or dress details from Finland these graves also contained objects such as weights, scales and Islamic coins – items indicating an affiliation to groups involved in the sale and exchange of goods. Finds of standardized weights in south western Finland is a clear indication that this region was part of a supra regional network in the Viking Age just like Birka. Objects from Finland found in Birka on one hand and objects from Scandinavian and central Sweden found in Finland on the other confirm that there has been a close connection between the Mälaren region and south western Finland. Probably products such as furs distributed by the elite in Vakka Suomi attracted groups in eastern Sweden and Birka. However the elite in Birka might also have had other reasons for maintaining contacts with groups in south western Finland. People in south western Finland were linked to routes and networks spanning much further east and by extension also to the riches of the Caliphate.

KW - Trade

KW - Finland

KW - the Mälaren Valley

KW - Birka

KW - Archaeology

KW - long-distance contacts

KW - The Viking Age

KW - Networks

KW - Furs

M3 - Book chapter

SN - 978-91-89338-20-3

T3 - Theses and papers in archaeology. B

SP - 49

EP - 61

BT - New Aspects on Viking Age Urbanism c. AD 750-1100

A2 - Holmquist, Lena

A2 - Kalmring, Sven

A2 - Hedenstierna-Jonson, Charlotte

PB - Archaeological Research Laboratory, Stockhom University

CY - Stockholm

T2 - Ancient Centres, Special Economic Zones and - Restart!

Y2 - 17 April 2013 through 20 April 2013

ER -