Endothelin receptor-mediated vasodilatation: Effects of organ culture.

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Abstract

Culture of intact arteries is a frequently employed experimental model for investigating the mechanisms governing the regulation of vascular endothelin receptors. Endothelin type A (ETA) and type B (ETB) receptors on vascular smooth muscle cells are up-regulated in organ culture and the enhanced vasoconstriction mimics the changes that occur in cardiovascular disease. The effect of organ culture on endothelial dilatory endothelin ETB receptors is not known. We hypothesize that organ culture decreases the endothelin receptor-mediated dilatation and that this is one possible mechanism by which the effects of the endothelin in blood vessels are altered during culture.

Porcine coronary arteries were studied before and after 24 h of culture, using in vitro pharmacology and immunofluorescence. Sarafotoxin 6c and endothelin-1 were used to examine the endothelin ETA and ETB receptor effects, and the antagonists, Nω-nitro-l-arginine (l-NOARG) for nitric oxide (NO), indomethacin for prostaglandins and charybdotoxin in combination with apamin for endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF), were used to study the endothelium-derived dilatory mediators.

Organ culture induced up-regulation of the sarafotoxin 6c (ETB receptor agonist) and endothelin-1 (ETA receptor agonist) elicited vasoconstriction. The sarafotoxin 6c contraction was stronger after endothelium denudation, suggesting endothelium-dependent dilatation. The endothelin-1 contraction was not affected by endothelium denudation. The increase in sarafotoxin 6c contraction after removal of the endothelium was more pronounced before than after organ culture, suggesting down-regulated endothelial endothelin ETB receptors. Also, the immunofluorescence staining intensities for endothelial endothelin ETB receptors were higher before than after organ culture. Pre-incubation with inhibitors for dilatory mediators suggested that both NO and EDHF play a vasodilatory role, while prostaglandins are not involved.

In conclusion, endothelial endothelin ETB receptors induce NO and EDHF mediated vasodilatation in porcine coronary arteries. In organ culture, endothelial endothelin ETB receptors are down-regulated, mimicking the changes that occur in cardiovascular disease. Down-regulation of endothelial endothelin ETB receptors may in part explain the increased endothelin ETB receptor-mediated vasoconstriction frequently studied in organ culture.

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  • Pharmacology and Toxicology
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)233-240
JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
Volume579
Issue number1-3
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes