Endotoxin and cytokine reducing properties of the oXiris membrane in patients with septic shock: A randomized crossover double-blind study

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background Endotoxin induces an inflammatory response, with secondary release of cytokines, which can progress to shock and multiple organ failure. We explored whether continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) using a modified membrane (oXiris) capable of adsorption could reduce endotoxin and cytokine levels in septic patients. Methods Sixteen patients requiring CRRT for septic shock-associated acute renal failure and who had endotoxin levels >0.03 EU/ml were prospectively randomized in a crossover double-blind design to receive CRRT with an oXiris filter or with a standard filter. Endotoxin and cytokine levels were measured at baseline and 1, 3, 8, 16 and 24 hours after the start of CRRT. Norepinephrine infusion rate and blood lactate levels were monitored. Results During the first filter treatment period, endotoxin levels decreased in 7 of 9 (77.8%) oXiris filter patients, but in only 1 of 6 (16.7%) standard filter patients (P = 0.02). Levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8 and interferon (IFN)γ decreased more with the oXiris filter than with the standard filter. Lactate concentration decreased with oXiris (-1.3[-2.2 to -1.1] mmol/l, P = 0.02), but not with the standard filter (+0.15[-0.95 to 0.6]). The norepinephrine infusion rate was reduced during oXiris CRRT, but not during standard filter CRRT. In the second filter treatment period, there was no significant reduction in endotoxin or cytokine levels in either group. Conclusions CRRT with the oXiris filter seemed to allow effective removal of endotoxin and TNF-α, IL-6, IL-8 and IFNγ in patients with septic shock-associated acute renal failure. This may be associated with beneficial hemodynamic effects.

Details

Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • Skåne University Hospital
  • Free University of Brussels (ULB)
  • Clinical Trial Consultants AB (CTC AB)
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Anesthesiology and Intensive Care
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0220444
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume14
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Aug 1
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes