Energy migration and charge formation in conjugated polymers

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis (compilation)

Abstract

The main part of the thesis is concerned with charge photogeneration in conjugated polymers. MeLPPP and POMeOPT films were investigated by transient absorption spectroscopy using different excitation photon energies and light intensities with and without an external electric field. We conclude that electric field-assisted charge pair photogeneration occurs from vibrationally relaxed singlet excitons during their entire lifetime without any intermediate states in MeLPPP. This charge pair formation takes place in this manner even in the absence of an external electric field in POMeOPT. High photon energy excitation opens additional channels of charge pair generation such as dissociation of higher excited states and hot exciton dissociation in MeLPPP, while in POMeOPT the photon energy has no effect at all. We have suggested two models of charge photogeneration in conjugated polymers: the random site model for MeLPPP type of charge photogeneration and the dissociation site model for POMeOPT. These two models or a combination of them may be useful to address photoinduced charge generation in other conjugated polymers. From optical studies of Stark shift dynamics we estimate the distance between electron and hole in MeLPPP. Charge pairs may be separated by 5 - 8 Å immediately after they are created from neutral excitations and then the average distance increases to ~35 Å during 600 ps, where they can be considered as separated charges. In addition, energy transfer was studied in conjugated polymer (PTOPT, POMeOPT) films by transient absorption anisotropy with ~20 fs time resolution. Computer simulation by an incoherent energy migration model reproduces the experimental kinetics in PTOPT for times longer than ~100 fs. Singlet-singlet exciton annihilation was also observed by transient absorption spectroscopy under high peak excitation intensities at low repetition rate, resulting in a typical nonexponential character of the exciton decay kinetics. Singlet-triplet exciton annihilation was studied by fluorescence spectroscopy at high pulse repetition rates in POMeOPT; the annihilation leads to shortening of the singlet exciton lifetime, while monoexponential fluorescence kinetics behaviour is maintained. Finally, the excited electronic states of a polyfluorene-based co-polymer DiO-PFDTBT have been characterized using optical spectroscopy and semiempirical quantum-chemical (ZINDO) calculations.

Details

Authors
  • Yuri Zaushitsyn
Organisations
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics

Keywords

  • magnetic resonance, relaxation, spectroscopy, Kondenserade materiens egenskaper:elektronstruktur, egenskaper (elektriska, magnetiska och optiska), supraledare, magnetisk resonans, spektroskopi, supraconductors, magnetic and optical properties, electrical, energy transfer, Physics, Fysik, Condensed matter:electronic structure, transient absorption spectroscopy, conjugated polymer, charge photogeneration
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor
Awarding Institution
Supervisors/Assistant supervisor
  • [unknown], [unknown], Supervisor, External person
Award date2004 May 28
Publisher
  • Yuri Zaushitsyn, Cmem. Phys., Lund University
Print ISBNs91-628-6128-X
Publication statusPublished - 2004
Publication categoryResearch

Bibliographic note

Defence details Date: 2004-05-28 Time: 13:15 Place: Lecture hall A, Chemical Center External reviewer(s) Name: Valkunas, Leonas Title: [unknown] Affiliation: Institute of Physics, Vilnius, Lithuania --- Article: 1. M. M.L. Grage, Y. Zaushitsyn, A. Yartsev, M. Chachisvilis, V. Sundström and T. Pullerits “Ultrafast Excitation transfer and trapping in a thin polymer film” – in Phys. Rev. B 67, 205207 (2003). Article: 2. Y. Zaushitsyn, K. G. Jespersen, V. Sundström and A. Yartsev “Singlet-triplet and singlet-singlet excitons annihilation in conjugated polymers” – manuscript (2004). Article: 3. K. Jespersen, W. Beenken, Y. Zaushitsyn, A. Yartsev, M. Andersson, T. Pullerits and V. Sundström, “The electronic states of polyfluorene co-polymers with alternating donor-acceptor units” – submitted to J. of Chem. Phys. (2004). Article: 4. V. Gulbinas, Y. Zaushitsyn, V. Sundström, D. Hertel, H. Bässler, and A. Yartsev “Dynamics of the Electric Field-Assisted Charge Carrier Photo-generation in Ladder-Type Poly(Para-Phenylene) at a Low Excitation Intensity” – in Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 107401 (2002). Article: 5. V. Gulbinas, Y. Zaushitsyn, H. Bässler, A. Yartsev and V. Sundström “Dynamics of charge pair generation in ladder type Poly(para-phenylene) at different excitation quantum energies” – submitted to Phys. Rev. B (2004). Article: 6. Y. Zaushitsyn, V. Gulbinas, D. Zigmantas, F. Zhang, O. Inganäs, V. Sundström and A. Yartsev “Ultrafast light-induced charge pair formation dynamics in poly(3-(2’-methoxy-5'octylphenyl)thiophene” – accepted for publication in Phys. Rev. B (2004). Article: 7. V. Gulbinas, H. Bässler, A. Yartsev, Y. Zaushitsyn and V. Sundström “Electron-hole separation distance during charge carrier photogeneration in conjugated polymer” – in Proc. SPIE Vol. 5122, p. 156-162 (2003). The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Chemical Physics (S) (011001060)