Energy saving potential for integrated daylighting and electric lighting design via user-driven solutions: A literature review.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingPaper in conference proceeding


Measures for the reduction of electric energy loads for lighting have predominantly focussed on increasing the efficiency of lighting systems. This efficiency has now reached levels unthinkable a few decades ago. However, a focus on mere efficiency is physically limiting, and does not necessarily ensure that the anticipated energy savings actually materialise. This paper presents a literature survey aimed at identifying control strategies and user behaviours leading to a reduction in lighting energy use. Whenever possible, the strategies and behaviours discussed are supported by quantitative data. This survey is part of a more extensive review of the potential for reducing energy use through the integrated design of daylight and electric lighting and their control systems. It concludes with identifying key aspects for lighting control decisions with respect to daylight use, control strategies, control interfaces, feedback systems, rebound effects and social norms regarding user behaviour and makes recommendations for further research.


  • Niko Gentile
  • Werner Osterhaus
  • Sergio Altomonte
  • Maria García Alvarez
  • Veronica Garcia-Hansen
  • Claudia Naves David Amorim
  • Biljana Obradovic
External organisations
  • Université catholique de Louvain
  • Aarhus University
  • Norconsult AS
  • Queensland University of Technology
  • University of Brasilia
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Architectural Engineering
  • Applied Psychology
  • Building Technologies


  • Integrated Lighting Design, Daylighting, electric lighting, Energy Use, User-Centered Controls, Control Interfaces, Social norms, Behaviour
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 29th Session of the CIE
Subtitle of host publicationCIE x046:2019
Place of PublicationVIenna
PublisherCIE, Vienna
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-902842-74-9
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Publication categoryResearch

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Gentile, N. (Speaker)
2019 Jun 18

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