Energy Use and Environmental Impact of New Residential Buildings

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis (compilation)

Abstract

The objective of this thesis is to investigate the energy use and environmental impact of residential buildings. Seven authentic buildings built in the 1990s in Sweden are investigated. They are analysed according to energy use and environmental impact during their life cycle: manufacture of building materials, transport of building materials and components to the building site, erection to a building, occupancy, maintenance and renovation, and finally demolition and removal of debris.

Results show that approx. 85 % of the total estimated energy use during the life cycle is used during the occupation phase. The energy used to manufacture building and installation materials constitutes approx. 15 % of the total energy use. 70-90 % of the total environmental impact arises during the occupation phase, while the manufacture of construction and installation materials constitutes 10-20 %. In conclusion, the energy use and environmental impact during the occupation phase make up a majority of the total.

At the end of the thesis, a tool is presented which helps designers and clients predict the energy use during the occupation phase for a future multi-family building before any constructional or installation drawings are made. In this way, different thermal properties may be elaborated in order to receive an energy-efficient and environmentally adapted dwelling.

Details

Authors
  • Karin Adalberth
Organisations
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Building Technologies

Keywords

  • life cycle, environmental impact, energy demand, energy use, multi-family building, single-unit dwelling, building, residential building, Building construction, Byggnadsteknik
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor
Awarding Institution
Supervisors/Assistant supervisor
  • [unknown], [unknown], Supervisor, External person
Award date2000 Feb 25
Publisher
  • Byggnadsfysik LTH, Lunds Tekniska Högskola
Print ISBNs91-88722-20-1
Publication statusPublished - 2000
Publication categoryResearch

Bibliographic note

Defence details Date: 2000-02-25 Time: 10:15 Place: At Auditorium V:C, LTH External reviewer(s) Name: Svendsen, Svend Title: Prof. Affiliation: DTU, Denmark ---

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