English on the streets of Sweden: An ecolinguistic view of two cities and a language policy

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The position of English vis-a-vis Swedish in Sweden is gaining attention because of a growing concern that the encroachment of English in certain Swedish domains will result in Swedish simultaneously losing ground. A current language policy proposal, entitled Mal i mun, commissioned by the Swedish government addresses this concern, in part, by outlining recommendations for the respective roles of Swedish & English (1) in primary, secondary, & higher education, & (2) in public, commercial, & governmental settings with the aim of strengthening Swedish. The present paper uses an ecolinguistic framework to offer a glimpse of the complex ways in which English is integrated with daily life in the two Swedish cities of Lund & Malmo in order to illuminate the efficacy with which Mal i mun might impact the relationship among the teaching, learning, & use of English in Sweden.


  • Francis Hult
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Languages and Literature


  • English as an International Language, language policy, Sweden, English, Swedish, language status
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43-63
JournalWorking Papers in Educational Linguistics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2003
Publication categoryResearch

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