Enhanced selective oxidation of trimethylolpropane to 2,2-bis(hydroxymethyl)butyric acid using Corynebacterium sp. ATCC 21245

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


2,2-Bis(hydroxymethyl)butyric acid (BHMB) is an important multifunctional chemical for the emerging bio-based polymer industry. It can be produced from trimethylolpropane (TMP) by selective oxidation using growing cells of Corynebacterium sp. ATCC 21245. However, this process is limited by the low volumetric productivity and low concentration of the final product. In the present study, we performed sequential batch operation with cell recycling in media containing glycerol, acetic acid, and increasing concentrations of yeast extract. This approach enhanced the conversion of 10 and 15g/L TMP to 11.0 and 16.3g/L BHMB at rates of 0.50 and 0.20g/L.h, respectively. Applying a cell bleeding strategy resulted in an overall 10-fold improvement in productivity. The consequently prolonged biocatalyst viability resulted in a quantitative conversion of 20g/L TMP to 22.3g/L BHMB and a yield of 1.10gBHMB/gTMP (100% molar yield). This work facilitates further studies of the selective oxidation on other industrially important polyols.


External organisations
  • South Valley University
  • Beni-Suef University
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Bioprocess Technology


  • 2,2-Bis(hydroxymethyl)butyric acid, Cell bleeding, Cell recycling, Corynebacterium sp., Selective oxidation, Sequential batch fermentation, Trimethylolpropane
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-7
JournalProcess Biochemistry
Early online date2017 Aug 15
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Dec
Publication categoryResearch