Enhancing egress drills: Preparation and assessment of evacuee performance

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


This article explores how egress drills-specifically those related to fire incidents-are currently used, their impact on safety levels, and the insights gained from them. It is suggested that neither the merits of egress drills are well understood, nor the impact on egress performance well characterized. In addition, the manner in which they are conducted varies both between and within regulatory jurisdictions. By investigating their strengths and limitations, this article suggests opportunities for their enhancement possibly through the use of other egress models to support and expand upon the benefits provided. It is by no means suggested that drills are not important to evacuation safety-only that their inconsistent use and the interpretation of the results produced may mean we (as researchers, practitioners, regulators, and stakeholders) are not getting the maximum benefit out of this important tool.


  • S. M. V. Gwynne
  • Erica D. Kuligowski
  • K. E. Boyce
  • D. Nilsson
  • A. P. Robbins
  • R. Lovreglio
  • J. R. Thomas
  • A. Roy-Poirier
External organisations
  • University of Auckland
  • National Research Council of Canada
  • National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
  • University of Ulster
  • Jensen Hughes Consulting Canada Ltd.
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Other Civil Engineering
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)613-631
Number of pages19
JournalFire and Materials
Issue number6
Early online date2017 Jul 7
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Oct
Publication categoryResearch