Enhancing the {100} grain subdivision in high-purity tantalum sheets by asymmetric cross rolling

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Weak subdivision or fragmentation ability of deformed {100} (<100> // ND, normal direction) grains by traditional unidirectional (symmetric) rolling results in uneven deformation during tantalum (Ta) processing. Thus, a recently developed asymmetric cross rolling (ACR) is adopted in this work to enhance the subdivision of {100} grain in Ta sheets. Electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and Vickers hardness (HV) were used for the characterisation of microstructure in deformed {100} grains. It is shown that added shear strain component in the ACR leads to heterogeneous deformation substructures within {100} grains. The increase of speed ratio in ACR further enhances the subdivision of deformed {100} grains and thus increases the density of geometrically necessary dislocations (GNDs) in them. The computation of the largest Schmid factor (SFrolling) along with Taylor model suggests that the ACR promotes easier slip within deformed {100} grains. Therefore, the necessary total shear strain contributing to the increase of GNDs density is small. By contrast, the shear strain accumulated after CR-1.0 is distributed more evenly in each slip system resulting in rather sparse distribution of dislocation lines.


  • Jialin Zhu
  • Shifeng Liu
  • Doudou Long
  • Shiyuan Zhou
  • Yahui Liu
  • Dmytro Orlov
External organisations
  • Chongqing University
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Metallurgy and Metallic Materials


  • Asymmetric cross rolling, Electron microscopy, GNDs, Grain subdivision, Shear strain, Taylor model
Original languageEnglish
Article number110439
Journal Materials Characterization
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Aug 1
Publication categoryResearch