Environmental factors driving the effectiveness of European agri-environmental measures in mitigating pollinator loss - a meta-analysis

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Environmental factors driving the effectiveness of European agri-environmental measures in mitigating pollinator loss - a meta-analysis. / Scheper, Jeroen; Holzschuh, Andrea; Kuussaari, Mikko; Potts, Simon G.; Rundlöf, Maj; Smith, Henrik; Kleijn, David.

In: Ecology Letters, Vol. 16, No. 7, 2013, p. 912-920.

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Scheper, Jeroen ; Holzschuh, Andrea ; Kuussaari, Mikko ; Potts, Simon G. ; Rundlöf, Maj ; Smith, Henrik ; Kleijn, David. / Environmental factors driving the effectiveness of European agri-environmental measures in mitigating pollinator loss - a meta-analysis. In: Ecology Letters. 2013 ; Vol. 16, No. 7. pp. 912-920.

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Environmental factors driving the effectiveness of European agri-environmental measures in mitigating pollinator loss - a meta-analysis

AU - Scheper, Jeroen

AU - Holzschuh, Andrea

AU - Kuussaari, Mikko

AU - Potts, Simon G.

AU - Rundlöf, Maj

AU - Smith, Henrik

AU - Kleijn, David

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - In Europe, agri-environmental schemes (AES) have been introduced in response to concerns about farmland biodiversity declines. Yet, as AES have delivered variable results, a better understanding of what determines their success or failure is urgently needed. Focusing on pollinating insects, we quantitatively reviewed how environmental factors affect the effectiveness of AES. Our results suggest that the ecological contrast in floral resources created by schemes drives the response of pollinators to AES but that this response is moderated by landscape context and farmland type, with more positive responses in croplands (vs. grasslands) located in simple (vs. cleared or complex) landscapes. These findings inform us how to promote pollinators and associated pollination services in species-poor landscapes. They do not, however, present viable strategies to mitigate loss of threatened or endangered species. This indicates that the objectives and design of AES should distinguish more clearly between biodiversity conservation and delivery of ecosystem services.

AB - In Europe, agri-environmental schemes (AES) have been introduced in response to concerns about farmland biodiversity declines. Yet, as AES have delivered variable results, a better understanding of what determines their success or failure is urgently needed. Focusing on pollinating insects, we quantitatively reviewed how environmental factors affect the effectiveness of AES. Our results suggest that the ecological contrast in floral resources created by schemes drives the response of pollinators to AES but that this response is moderated by landscape context and farmland type, with more positive responses in croplands (vs. grasslands) located in simple (vs. cleared or complex) landscapes. These findings inform us how to promote pollinators and associated pollination services in species-poor landscapes. They do not, however, present viable strategies to mitigate loss of threatened or endangered species. This indicates that the objectives and design of AES should distinguish more clearly between biodiversity conservation and delivery of ecosystem services.

KW - Agri-environmental schemes

KW - ecological contrast

KW - ecosystem services

KW - landscape context

KW - land-use intensity

KW - pollinators

U2 - 10.1111/ele.12128

DO - 10.1111/ele.12128

M3 - Article

VL - 16

SP - 912

EP - 920

JO - Ecology Letters

T2 - Ecology Letters

JF - Ecology Letters

SN - 1461-023X

IS - 7

ER -