ErbB Signaling Is Required for the Proliferative Actions of GLP-2 in the Murine Gut

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background & Aims: Glucagon-like peptide-2 (GLP-2) is a 33-amino acid peptide hormone secreted by enteroendocrine cells in response to nutrient ingestion. GLP-2 stimulates crypt cell proliferation leading to expansion of the mucosal epithelium; however, the mechanisms transducing the trophic effects of GLP-2 are incompletely understood. Methods: We examined the gene expression profiles and growth-promoting actions of GLP-2 in normal mice in the presence or absence of an inhibitor of ErbB receptor signaling, in Glp2r-/- mice and in Egfrwa2 mice harboring a hypomorphic point mutation in the epidermal growth factor receptor. Results: Exogenous GLP-2 administration rapidly induced the expression of a subset of ErbB ligands including amphiregulin, epiregulin, and heparin binding (HB)-epidermal growth factor, in association with induction of immediate early gene expression in the small and large bowel. These actions of GLP-2 required a functional GLP-2 receptor because they were eliminated in Glp2r-/- mice. In contrast, insulin-like growth factor-I and keratinocyte growth factor, previously identified mediators of GLP-2 action, had no effect on the expression of these ErbB ligands. The GLP-2-mediated induction of ErbB ligand expression was not metalloproteinase inhibitor sensitive but was significantly diminished in Egfrwa2 mice and completed abrogated in wild-type mice treated with the pan-ErbB inhibitor CI-1033. Furthermore, the stimulatory actions of GLP-2 on crypt cell proliferation and bowel growth were eliminated in the presence of CI-1033. Conclusions: These findings identify the ErbB signaling network as a target for GLP-2 action leading to stimulation of growth factor-dependent signal transduction and bowel growth in vivo.

Details

Authors
  • Bernardo Yusta
  • Dianne Holland
  • Jacqueline A. Koehler
  • Marlena Maziarz
  • Jennifer L. Estall
  • Rachel Higgins
  • Daniel J. Drucker
Organisations
External organisations
  • Mount Sinai Hospital of University of Toronto
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Medical and Health Sciences
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)986-996
Number of pages11
JournalGastroenterology
Volume137
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Jan 1
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes