Estimated Future Salinity in the Arabian Gulf, the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea Consequences of Brine Discharge from Desalination

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T1 - Estimated Future Salinity in the Arabian Gulf, the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea Consequences of Brine Discharge from Desalination

AU - Bashitialshaaer, Raed

AU - Persson, Kenneth M

AU - Aljaradin, Mohammad

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - Seawater desalination constitutes an important source for water supply to the population bordering the Arabian Gulf, the Mediterranean Sea, and the Red Sea. The three regions represent about 11.8% of the world land area and the countries hosted approximately 9% of the world population in 1950 and 2008 and are projected to do so again in 2050. Population statistics for a 100-year period has been used including a prognosis from 2010 to 2050. Data on desalination plant capacity covering 12 years from 1996 to 2008 has been summarized and a prognosis of the increase in desalination for the three regions until 2050 developed. The results obtained for desalination capacity in the study area were 62%, 58%, and 60% of the world capacity for 1996, 2008, and 2050, respectively. The increase in the recovery ratio is considered an important factor in this study. In 1996 this ratio was about 30 to 35%, and in 2008 it was 40 to 45%, although in some plants it reached up to 50%. Brine discharge will increase the salinities of the Arabian Gulf, Mediterranean Sea, and Red Sea, by some extra 2.24, 0.81 and 1.16 g/l in the year 2050.

AB - Seawater desalination constitutes an important source for water supply to the population bordering the Arabian Gulf, the Mediterranean Sea, and the Red Sea. The three regions represent about 11.8% of the world land area and the countries hosted approximately 9% of the world population in 1950 and 2008 and are projected to do so again in 2050. Population statistics for a 100-year period has been used including a prognosis from 2010 to 2050. Data on desalination plant capacity covering 12 years from 1996 to 2008 has been summarized and a prognosis of the increase in desalination for the three regions until 2050 developed. The results obtained for desalination capacity in the study area were 62%, 58%, and 60% of the world capacity for 1996, 2008, and 2050, respectively. The increase in the recovery ratio is considered an important factor in this study. In 1996 this ratio was about 30 to 35%, and in 2008 it was 40 to 45%, although in some plants it reached up to 50%. Brine discharge will increase the salinities of the Arabian Gulf, Mediterranean Sea, and Red Sea, by some extra 2.24, 0.81 and 1.16 g/l in the year 2050.

KW - Arabian Gulf

KW - Mediterranean Sea

KW - Red Sea

KW - Desalination

KW - Water-Salt balance

KW - 1D-advectiondiffusion

KW - Salinity

M3 - Article

VL - 3

SP - 133

EP - 140

JO - International Journal of Academic Research

T2 - International Journal of Academic Research

JF - International Journal of Academic Research

SN - 2075-7107

IS - 1

ER -