Estrogen regulates DNA synthesis in human gingival epithelial cells displaying strong estrogen receptor β immunoreactivity.

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Abstract

Nebel D, Bratthall G, Ekblad E, Norderyd O, Nilsson B-O. Estrogen regulates DNA synthesis in human gingival epithelial cells displaying strong estrogen receptor β immunoreactivity. J Periodont Res 2011; doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0765.2011.01382.x. © 2011 John Wiley & Sons A/S Background and Objective: Estrogen acts via estrogen receptor (ER) α and β. The expression pattern of ERs and their importance in gingival tissues are not fully understood. In this study, we investigate gingival ER expression and effects of estrogen on gingival epithelial cell proliferation. Material and Methods: Gingival biopsies were obtained from both healthy and diseased sites in three male and three female subjects. Expression of ERα and β was determined by immunohistochemistry. Effects of 17β-estradiol (E(2) ) on cell proliferation, monitored by measuring DNA synthesis, were studied in cultured human gingival epithelial HGEPp.05 cells. Results: Estrogen receptor β, but not ERα, immunoreactivity was demonstrated in nuclei of epithelial cells in all layers of the gingival epithelium, but also in cells of the lamina propria. No differences were observed between male and female subjects. The same pattern, i.e. high ERβ expression but no ERα expression, was observed in both healthy and diseased sites within each individual. No differences in the intensity of the ERβ immunoreactive signal and the number of ERβ-positive nuclei were observed between healthy and diseased gingiva. Treatment with a physiological concentration of E(2) (10 nm) had no effect on DNA synthesis in ERβ- and ERα-expressing HGEPp.05 cells. In contrast, E(2) at high concentrations (500 nm and 10 μm) reduced DNA synthesis by 60-70%. Conclusion: Human gingival epithelial cells display strong ERβ but low ERα immunoreactivity both in vivo and in culture. Estrogen attenuates gingival epithelial cell DNA synthesis at high but not low concentrations, suggesting a concentration-dependent mechanism.

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Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Dentistry

Keywords

  • estrogen receptor, DNA synthesis, gingival epithelium, immunohistochemistry
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)622-628
JournalJournal of Periodontal Research
Volume46
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes