ESVM guidelines – the diagnosis and management of raynaud’s phenomenon

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article


Regarding the clinical diagnosis of Raynaud’s phenomenon and its associated conditions, investigations and treatment are substantial, and yet no international consensus has been published regarding the medical management of patients presenting with this condition. Most knowledge on this topic derives from epidemiological surveys and observational studies; few randomized studies are available, almost all relating to drug treatment, and thus these guidelines were developed as an expert consensus document to aid in the diagnosis and management of Raynaud’s phenomenon. This consensus document starts with a clarification about the definition and terminology of Raynaud’s phenomenon and covers the differential and aetiological diagnoses as well as the symptomatic treatment.


  • Jill Belch
  • Anita Carlizza
  • Patrick H. Carpentier
  • Joel Constans
  • Faisel Khan
  • Jean Claude Wautrecht
  • Anders Gottsäter
  • ESVM
External organisations
  • San Giovanni Addolorata Hospital
  • Grenoble University Hospital
  • Free University of Brussels (ULB)
  • Medical University of Graz
  • Trinity College Dublin
  • Clinical Center of Serbia
  • Skåne University Hospital
  • University Hospital of Zurich
  • University Medical Centre Ljubljana
  • University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca
  • Asklepios Klinik St. Georg
  • University of Manchester
  • University of Liège Hospital
  • University Hospital Basel
  • Bulovka Hospital
  • Hopital St Andre, Bordeaux
  • Azienda USL-IRCCS di Reggio Emilia
  • University of Dundee
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems


  • Hand arm vibration, Raynaud’s, Systemic sclerosis, Vasospasm
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)413-423
Number of pages11
JournalVasa - European Journal of Vascular Medicine
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Oct
Publication categoryResearch

Bibliographic note

© 2017 Hogrefe AG.