European Resuscitation Council Guidelines 2021: Ethics of resuscitation and end of life decisions

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


These European Resuscitation Council Ethics guidelines provide evidence-based recommendations for the ethical, routine practice of resuscitation and end-of-life care of adults and children. The guideline primarily focus on major ethical practice interventions (i.e. advance directives, advance care planning, and shared decision making), decision making regarding resuscitation, education, and research. These areas are tightly related to the application of the principles of bioethics in the practice of resuscitation and end-of-life care.


  • Spyros D. Mentzelopoulos
  • Keith Couper
  • Patrick Van de Voorde
  • Patrick Druwé
  • Marieke Blom
  • Gavin D. Perkins
  • Ileana Lulic
  • Jana Djakow
  • Violetta Raffay
  • Gisela Lilja
  • Leo Bossaert
External organisations
  • National and Kapodistrian University of Athens
  • University Hospitals Birmingham
  • University of Warwick
  • Ghent University Hospital
  • Masaryk University
  • European University Cyprus
  • Skåne University Hospital
  • University of Antwerp
  • Evangelismos Athens General Hospital
  • Ghent University
  • Amsterdam UMC - Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
  • Clinical Hospital Merkur, Zagreb
  • University Hospital Brno
  • Nemocnice Hořovice - NH Hospital
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Medical Ethics
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)408-432
Number of pages25
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Publication categoryResearch