Evaluating energy efficiency policies with energy-economy models

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article


The growing complexities of energy systems, environmental problems,
and technology markets are driving and testing most energy-economy
models to their limits. To further advance bottom-up models from
a multidisciplinary energy efficiency policy evaluation perspective, we
review and critically analyze bottom-up energy-economy models and
corresponding evaluation studies on energy efficiency policies to induce
technological change. We use the household sector as a case study.
Our analysis focuses on decision frameworks for technology choice,
type of evaluation being carried out, treatment of market and behavioral
failures, evaluated policy instruments, and key determinants used
to mimic policy instruments. Although the review confirms criticism
related to energy-economy models (e.g., unrealistic representation of
decision making by consumers when choosing technologies), they provide
valuable guidance for policy evaluation related to energy efficiency.
Different areas to further advance models remain open, particularly related
to modeling issues, techno-economic and environmental aspects,
behavioral determinants, and policy considerations.


Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Social Sciences Interdisciplinary


  • Policy evaluation, Technology choice determinants, Policy instruments, Household sector, Induced technological change
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)305-344
JournalAnnual Review Environment and Resources
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Publication categoryResearch