Evidence for Dysfunction of the Nigrostriatal Pathway in the R6/1 Line of Transgenic Huntington's Disease Mice.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article
The present multidisciplinary study examined nigrostriatal dopamine and striatal amino acid transmission in the R6/1 line of transgenic Huntington's disease (HD) mice expressing exon 1 of the HD gene with 115 CAG repeats. Although the number of tyrosine hydroxylase-positive neurons was not reduced and nigrostriatal connectivity remained intact in 16-week-old R6/1 mice, the size of tyrosine hydroxylase-positive neurons in the substantia nigra was reduced by 15%, and approximately 30% of these cells exhibited aggregated huntingtin. In addition, using in vivo microdialysis, we found that basal extracellular striatal dopamine levels were reduced by 70% in R6/1 mice compared to their wild-type littermates. Intrastriatal perfusion with malonate in R6/1 mice resulted in a short-lasting, attenuated increase in local dopamine release compared to wild-type mice. Furthermore, the size of the malonate-induced striatal lesion was 80% smaller in these animals. Taken together, these findings suggest that a functional deficit in nigrostriatal dopamine transmission may contribute to the behavioral phenotype and the resistance to malonate-induced neurotoxicity characteristic of R6/1 HD mice.
|Research areas and keywords||
Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY
|Journal||Neurobiology of Disease|
|Publication status||Published - 2002|