Existence and conditional energetic stability of solitary gravity-capillary water waves with constant vorticity

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Abstract

We present an existence and stability theory for gravity-capillary solitary waves with constant vorticity on the surface of a body of water of finite depth. Exploiting a rotational version of the classical variational principle, we prove the existence of a minimizer of the wave energy H subject to the constraint I = 2 mu, where I is the wave momentum and 0 < mu << 1. Since H and I are both conserved quantities, a standard argument asserts the stability of the set D-mu of minimizers: solutions starting near D-mu remain close to D-mu in a suitably defined energy space over their interval of existence. In the applied mathematics literature solitary water waves of the present kind are described by solutions of a Korteweg-de Vries equation (for strong surface tension) or a nonlinear Schrodinger equation (for weak surface tension). We show that the waves detected by our variational method converge (after an appropriate rescaling) to solutions of the appropriate model equation as mu down arrow 0.

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Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Mathematics

Keywords

  • water waves, solitary waves, vorticity, calculus of variations
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)791-883
JournalProceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. Section A
Volume145
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

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