Exosome uptake depends on ERK1/2-heat shock protein 27 signalling and lipid raft-mediated endocytosis negatively regulated by caveolin-1.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The role of exosomes in cancer can be inferred from the observation that they transfer tumor cell derived genetic material and signalling proteins, resulting in e.g. increased tumor angiogenesis and metastasis. However, the membrane transport mechanisms and the signalling events involved in the uptake of these virus-like particles remain ill-defined. We now report that internalization of exosomes derived from glioblastoma (GBM) cells involves nonclassical, lipid raft-dependent endocytosis. Importantly, we show that the lipid raft associated protein caveolin-1 (CAV1), in analogy with its previously described role in virus uptake, negatively regulates the uptake of exosomes. We find that exosomes induce the phosphorylation of several downstream targets known to associate with lipid rafts as signalling and sorting platforms, such as extracellular signal-regulated kinase-1/2 (ERK1/2) and heat shock protein 27 (HSP27). Interestingly, exosome uptake appears dependent on unperturbed ERK1/2-HSP27 signalling, and ERK1/2 phosphorylation is under negative influence by CAV1 during internalization of exosomes. These findings significantly advance our general understanding of exosome-mediated uptake and offer potential strategies for how this pathway may be targeted through modulation of CAV1 expression and ERK1/2 signaling.

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Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Basic Medicine
  • Infectious Medicine
  • Cancer and Oncology
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17713-17724
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume288
Issue number24
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

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