Experimental and modeling study of laminar burning velocity of biomass derived gases/air mixtures

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Abstract

Laminar burning velocities of four biomass derived gases have been measured at atmospheric pressure over a range of equivalence ratios and hydrogen contents, using the heat flux method on a perforated flat flame burner. The studied gas mixtures include an air-blown gasification gas from an industrial gasification plant, a model gasification gas studied in the literature, and an upgraded landfill gas (bio-methane). In addition, co-firing of the industrial gasification gas (80% on volume basis) with methane (20% on volume basis) is studied. Model simulations using GRI mechanisms and detailed transport properties are carried out to compare with the measured laminar burning velocities. The results of the bio-methane flame are generally in good agreement with data in the literature and the prediction using GRI-Mech 3.0. The measured laminar burning velocity of the industrial gasification gas is generally higher than the predictions from GRI-Mech 3.0 mechanism but agree rather well with the predictions from GRI-Mech 2.11 for lean and moderate rich mixtures. For rich mixtures, the GRI mechanisms under-predict the laminar burning velocities. For the model gasification gas, the measured laminar burning velocity is higher than the data reported in the literature. The peak burning velocities of the gasification gases/air and the co-firing gases/air mixtures are in richer mixtures than the bio-methane/air mixtures due to the presence of hydrogen and CO in the gasification gases. The GRI mechanisms could well predict the rich shift of the peak burning velocity for the gasification gases but yield large discrepancy for the very rich gasification gas mixtures. The laminar burning velocities for the bio-methane/air mixtures at elevated initial temperatures are measured and compared with the literature data. Copyright (C) 2010, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics

Keywords

  • Biomass gasification gases, Bio-methane, Laminar burning velocity, Co-firing
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3769-3777
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume36
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes