Experimental and modeling study of nitric oxide formation in premixed methanol + air flames

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Validation and further development of models for alcohol combustion requires accurate experimental data obtained under well-controlled conditions. To this end, measurements of nitric oxide, NO, mole fractions in premixed laminar methanol + air flames have been performed using saturated laser-induced fluorescence, LIF. The methanol flames have been stabilized at atmospheric pressure and initial gas temperature of 318 K at equivalence ratios ɸ = 0.7–1.5 using the heat flux method that allows for simultaneous determination of their laminar burning velocity. The LIF signal is converted into NO mole fraction via calibration measurements, which have been performed in flames of methane, methanol and syngas seeded with known amounts of NO. The experimental approach is verified by the measurements of NO mole fractions in the post flame zone of methane flames, investigated in previous studies at similar conditions. Data on the NO formation together with burning velocities for methanol and methane obtained under adiabatic flame conditions provide highly valuable input for model validation. They have been compared with predictions of six different chemical kinetic mechanisms. Summarizing the behavior of all models tested with respect to burning velocities and NO formation in flames of methane and methanol, the mechanism of Glarborg et al. (2018) and the San Diego mechanism (2019) demonstrate uniformly satisfactory performance.


Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Energy Engineering


  • Flames, LIF, Methanol, Modeling, NO
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)322-330
Number of pages9
JournalCombustion and Flame
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Publication categoryResearch