Experimental assessment of bench-scale ignitability parameters

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This work aims to explore possible ways of improving the precision of ignition measurements in the cone calorimeter. Both inherent repeatability of parts of the testing equipment and operator-dependent variations are considered. Inherent repeatability is indicated to be slightly improved if the test samples used are circular rather than square. Operator-dependent variation is discussed in terms of the method used for determining ignition. Four procedures are compared, namely, visual observation, usage of a light sensor, and looking at the peak of the second and first derivatives of the mass loss and heat release curves, respectively. Results indicate that the preferable operator-independent method depends on the test conditions; the derivative of the heat release rate is an alternative to the mass loss rate derivative when the scale is of standardised quality. A light sensor for ignition time observation is a good option when the surrounding light is not changed during the test.

Details

Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • Research Institutes of Sweden (RISE)
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Other Civil Engineering

Keywords

  • critical energy flux, critical mass flux, plastics, sustained ignition
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-130
JournalFire and Materials
Volume43
Issue number2
Early online date2018 Sep 17
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

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Frida Vermina Plathner, 2020, Lund: Division of Fire Safety Engineering, Lund University. 188 p.

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis (compilation)

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