Experimental Evidence for a Cluster Glass Transition in Concentrated Lysozyme Solutions

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Abstract

Lysozyme is known to form equilibrium clusters at pH ≈ 7.8 and at low ionic strength as a result of a mixed potential. While this cluster formation and the related dynamic and static structure factors have been extensively investigated, its consequences on the macroscopic dynamic behavior expressed by the zero shear viscosity η 0 remain controversial. Here we present results from a systematic investigation of η 0 using two complementary passive microrheology techniques, dynamic light scattering based tracer microrheology, and multiple particle tracking using confocal microscopy. The combination of these techniques with a simple but effective evaporation approach allows for reaching concentrations close to and above the arrest transition in a controlled and gentle way. We find a strong increase of η 0 with increasing volume fraction φ with an apparent divergence at φ ≈ 0.35, and unambiguously demonstrate that this is due to the existence of an arrest transition where a cluster glass forms. These findings demonstrate the power of tracer microrheology to investigate complex fluids, where weak temporary bonds and limited sample volumes make measurements with classical rheology challenging.

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  • Physical Chemistry
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2432–2438
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Volume123
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes