Experimental investigation on heat transfer characteristics of various nanofluids in an indoor electric heater

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Experimental investigation on heat transfer characteristics of various nanofluids in an indoor electric heater. / Chen, Zhanxiu; Zheng, Dan; Wang, Jin; Chen, Lei; Sundén, Bengt.

In: Renewable Energy, Vol. 147, 2020, p. 1011-1018.

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Experimental investigation on heat transfer characteristics of various nanofluids in an indoor electric heater

AU - Chen, Zhanxiu

AU - Zheng, Dan

AU - Wang, Jin

AU - Chen, Lei

AU - Sundén, Bengt

PY - 2020

Y1 - 2020

N2 - Heat transfer characteristics of an electric heater were experimentally investigated by using various fluids in this paper, including Cu-EGW (a mixture of ethylene glycol and DI-water), Al2O3-EGW, Fe3O4-EGW nanofluids. A 4:6 mixture of ethylene glycol and deionized water was used as the base liquid. All these nanofluids were prepared by ultrasonic treatment, and nanoparticle mass concentration of samples varies from 0.5% to 2%. In addition, natural convective heat transfer of Fe3O4-EGW nanofluid in an electric heater was carried out by considering an effect of different magnetic fields. The results indicated that heat transfer performance of Cu-EGW nanofluid was significantly higher than the Al2O3-EGW and Fe3O4-EGW nanofluids, and the heating efficiency of the Cu-EGW nanofluid increased with the mass concentration of Cu particles. Compared with that of the base fluid, equilibrium temperature values of electric heaters filled with 2.0% Cu-EGW, 1.0% Al2O3-EGW and 1.0% Fe3O4-EGW nanofluids increase by 13.18%, 3.77% and 4.52%, respectively. It was also found that the magnetic field had a positive effect on the heat transfer enhancement of the Fe3O4-EGW nanofluid. In addition, for the 0.5% Fe3O4 nanofluid under a magnetic intensity of 100 mT, the equilibrium temperature on the middle fin increases by 14.68%.

AB - Heat transfer characteristics of an electric heater were experimentally investigated by using various fluids in this paper, including Cu-EGW (a mixture of ethylene glycol and DI-water), Al2O3-EGW, Fe3O4-EGW nanofluids. A 4:6 mixture of ethylene glycol and deionized water was used as the base liquid. All these nanofluids were prepared by ultrasonic treatment, and nanoparticle mass concentration of samples varies from 0.5% to 2%. In addition, natural convective heat transfer of Fe3O4-EGW nanofluid in an electric heater was carried out by considering an effect of different magnetic fields. The results indicated that heat transfer performance of Cu-EGW nanofluid was significantly higher than the Al2O3-EGW and Fe3O4-EGW nanofluids, and the heating efficiency of the Cu-EGW nanofluid increased with the mass concentration of Cu particles. Compared with that of the base fluid, equilibrium temperature values of electric heaters filled with 2.0% Cu-EGW, 1.0% Al2O3-EGW and 1.0% Fe3O4-EGW nanofluids increase by 13.18%, 3.77% and 4.52%, respectively. It was also found that the magnetic field had a positive effect on the heat transfer enhancement of the Fe3O4-EGW nanofluid. In addition, for the 0.5% Fe3O4 nanofluid under a magnetic intensity of 100 mT, the equilibrium temperature on the middle fin increases by 14.68%.

KW - Electric heater

KW - Equilibrium temperature

KW - Magnetic field

KW - Nanofluid

KW - Natural convection

U2 - 10.1016/j.renene.2019.09.036

DO - 10.1016/j.renene.2019.09.036

M3 - Article

VL - 147

SP - 1011

EP - 1018

JO - Renewable Energy

JF - Renewable Energy

SN - 0960-1481

ER -