Exploring outward FDI and the choice of destination: Evidence from Swedish firm-level data

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Using Swedish firm-level data on all firms and their affiliates abroad, we investigate what observable firm and country characteristics affect the size of an affiliate in a particular destination. We employ the richness of the data to investigate the importance of destination country factors in explaining firm outward FDI activities and distinguish between the factors that affect such activities in manufacturing versus services firms as well as vertical versus horizontal investments. Our results lend support to existing theories of multinational activity of manufacturing but not services firms. We also find observable differences between vertical and horizontal manufacturing firms that are not always explained by theory.


External organisations
  • Leiden University
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Economics


  • outward FDI, globalization, FDI destination, heterogeneous firms
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1222-1225
JournalApplied Economics Letters
Issue number17
Early online date2017 Dec 6
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Oct 7
Publication categoryResearch

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