Exposure to negative acts and risk of turnover: a study of a register-based outcome among employees in three occupational groups

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

PURPOSE: To investigate whether self-reported exposure to negative acts in the workplace (bullying and threats of violence) predicted turnover in three occupational groups (human service and sales workers, office workers and manual workers).

METHODS: Survey data on 2766 respondents were combined with data from a national labour force register to assess turnover. Mixed effects logistic regression analysis was used to examine the association between self-reported exposure to negative acts at baseline and risk of turnover after a 1-year follow-up.

RESULTS: We found no significant associations between exposure to negative acts (bullying and threats of violence) and risk of turnover. When participants were stratified by occupational group and analyses were adjusted for age, gender, tenure and psychosocial working conditions, we found that exposure to bullying predicted risk of turnover in office workers (OR 2.03, 95 % CI 1.05-3.90), but neither in human service and sales workers, nor in manual workers. The association in office workers lost statistical significance when additionally adjusted for depressive symptoms (OR 1.77, 95 % CI 0.90-3.49). However, in a sensitivity analysis in which we used a 2-year (instead of a 1-year) follow-up period the association between bullying and turnover remained statistically significant in office workers even after adjusting for depressive symptoms (OR 2.10, 95 % CI 1.17-3.76). We found no statistically significant associations between threats of violence and risk of turnover in the stratified analyses.

CONCLUSION: Exposure to bullying predicted risk of turnover among office workers but not among human service and sales workers and among manual workers. Threats of violence were not associated with turnover in any occupational group.

Details

Authors
  • Thomas Clausen
  • Jørgen V Hansen
  • Annie Hogh
  • Anne Helene Garde
  • Roger Persson
  • Paul Maurice Conway
  • Matias Grynderup
  • Åse Marie Hansen
  • Reiner Rugulies
Organisations
External organisations
  • National Research Centre for the Working Environment
  • University of Copenhagen
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Environmental Health and Occupational Health
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1269–1278
JournalInternational Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Volume89
Issue number8
Early online date2016 Aug 19
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Nov
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes