Exposure to Workplace Bullying and Risk of Depression

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

We examined the prospective association between self-labeled and witness-reported bullying and the risk of newly onset of depression.
METHODS:

Employees were recruited from two cohorts of 3196 and 2002 employees, respectively. Participants received a questionnaire at baseline in 2006 to 2007 with follow-up in 2008 to 2009 and 2011. New cases of depression were diagnosed in the follow-up using Schedules for Clinical Assessment in Neuropsychiatry interviews and the Major Depression Inventory questionnaire.
RESULTS:

We identified 147 new cases of depression. The odds ratio for newly onset depression among participants reporting bullying occasionally was 2.17 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.11 to 4.23) and among frequently bullied 9.63 (95% CI: 3.42 to 27.1). There was no association between percentage witnessing bullying and newly onset depression.
CONCLUSIONS:

Frequent self-labeled bullying predicts development of depression but a work environment with high proportion of employees witnessing bullying does not.

Details

Authors
  • Maria Gullander
  • Annie Hogh
  • Ase Marie Hansen
  • Roger Persson
  • Reiner Rugulies
  • Henrik Albert Kolstad
  • Jane Frølund Thomsen
  • Morten Veis Willert
  • Matias Grynderup
  • Ole Mors
  • Jens Peter Bonde
Organisations
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Environmental Health and Occupational Health
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1258-1265
JournalJournal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Volume56
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes