Faecal levels of calprotectin in systemic sclerosis are stable over time and are higher compared to primary Sjogren's syndrome and rheumatoid arthritis

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Abstract

Introduction: Faecal calprotectin (FC) has been proposed to be a biomarker of gastrointestinal (GI) disease in systemic sclerosis (SSc). The purpose of this study was to extend cross-sectional observations and prospectively assess the variability of FC over time in SSc patients. We also aimed to examine FC in relation to immunosuppressive therapy. Finally we wanted to analyse FC in other rheumatic diseases to evaluate the specificity of FC for SSc GI disease. Methods: FC was measured in consecutive patients with SSc, primary Sjogren's syndrome (pSS), rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and in healthy hospital workers. The intraindividual variability of FC in SSc was assessed with intra class correlation (ICC) and. statistics. Associations between FC and objective markers of GI disease and immunosuppressive medication were investigated. Results: FC was associated with micronutrient deficiency and GI pathology as assessed by cineradiography confirming our previous results. FC showed only a limited intra-individual variation in SSc, ICC = 0.69 (95% confidence interval, CI: 0.57-0.78) and kappa = 0.64 (95% CI: 0.56-0.73). Generalised immunosuppression did not have any significant impact on FC. FC was significantly higher in SSc patients compared to patients with pSS or RA as well as compared to healthy subjects. Conclusions: FC is a promising non-invasive biomarker for GI disease in SSc. In view of stable levels over time, FC could be a useful marker when novel, more specific drugs targeting the GI tract in SSc will be introduced.

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  • Rheumatology and Autoimmunity
Original languageEnglish
Article numberR46
JournalArthritis Research and Therapy
Volume16
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

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