Falls After Stroke: A Follow-up after Ten Years in Lund Stroke Register

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate incidence of self-reported falls and associated factors in a ten-year perspective after stroke.

METHODS: From a population-based cohort of first-ever stroke patients (n = 416) included in the Lund Stroke Register between March 1, 2001, and February 28, 2002, we performed a follow up of all 145 survivors ten years after stroke. We collected data on age, gender, main stroke type, living and housing situation, general health status (question 1 in the Short Form Health Survey (SF-36), dizziness, physical activity, Barthel Index, mobility aids, moving ability inside/outside, and health-related quality of life as defined by the EuroQol 3 dimension scale (EQ-5D-3L). Factors that may relate to falls were compared between those who had experienced falls after stroke or not.

RESULTS: Ten years after stroke, 49 patients (34 %) reported falls and 96 patients (66 %) reported no falls. Compared to patients with no falls, those who reported falls were older (median age 83.3 years vs 75.6 years; p < 0.001), more often lived alone, were more dependent in daily living, had less physical activity, poorer general health status, more often needed mobility aids, were more often unable to move alone outside, and had poorer health-related quality of life in all items in EQ-5D-3L except pain/discomfort.

CONCLUSIONS: Falls had occurred in approximately one third of the participants ten years after the stroke, and were strongly associated with several measures of frailty. Our results indicate that fall prevention should in particular focus on those at high risk of falls.

Details

Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • Skåne University Hospital
  • Danderyd Hospital
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Neurology
Original languageEnglish
Article number105770
JournalJournal of Stroke & Cerebrovascular Diseases
Volume30
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes