Family history of venous thromboembolism and mortality after venous thromboembolism: a Swedish population-based cohort study

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Studies on whether family history (FH) of venous thromboembolism (VTE) affects long-term mortality after VTE are missing. The aim of this study was to determine whether FH of VTE affects long-term mortality after a first episode of VTE. Using Swedish medical databases, we conducted a 30-year nationwide cohort study of 49,159 adult Swedish born patients included in the multi-generation register (born 1932 or later) with a first-time VTE (1981–2010). Using Cox regression, we assessed mortality Hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Totally 10,093 (20.5%) patients with VTE had a first-degree FH of VTE (parent/sibling). Patients without FH of VTE had significantly more VTE provoking risk factors and comorbidities than those with FH. The mortality HR the first 10-years after first time VTE was decreased for those with FH of VTE compared to for those without FH: crude HR 0.807, 95% CI 0.771–0.845 and adjusted HR 0.864, 95% CI 0.826–0.905. After 10-years of follow-up there was no significant effect of FH of VTE on mortality: crude HR = 1.018, 95% CI 0.905–1.145 and adjusted HR = 0.995, 95% CI 0.884–1.119. Cancer-associated mortality was more common in those without FH the first 10 years (56.9 vs. 53.4%, p = 0.002). After 10 years there were no difference in cancer-associated mortality (4.9 vs. 5.6%, p = 0.604). The results suggest that patients with FH of VTE have lower thrombotic threshold and need less provoking factors and comorbidities. They have also slightly lower total and cancer mortality the first 10 years after VTE.

Details

Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • Skåne University Hospital
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems

Keywords

  • Comorbidity, Deep venous thrombosis, Family history, Genetics, Mortality, Pulmonary embolism, Venous thromboembolism
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)469-475
JournalJournal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
Volume43
Issue number4
Early online date2016 Dec 19
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes