Faster-Than-Nyquist Signaling

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


In this paper, we survey Faster-than-Nyquist (FTN) signaling, an extension of ordinary linear modulation in which the usual data bearing pulses are simply sent faster, and consequently are no longer orthogonal. Far from a disadvantage, this innovation can transmit up to twice the bits as ordinary modulation at the same bit energy, spectrum, and error rate. The method is directly applicable to orthogonal frequency division multiplex (OFDM) and quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM) signaling. Performance results for a number of practical systems are presented. FTN signaling raises a number of basic issues in communication theory and practice. The Shannon capacity of the signals is considerably higher.


Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering


  • Bandwidth-Efficient Coding, Constrained Capacities, Coded Modulation, Faster than Nyquist (FTN), Intersymbol Interference (ISI)
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1817-1830
JournalProceedings of the IEEE
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Publication categoryResearch