Femtosecond x-ray photoelectron diffraction on gas-phase dibromobenzene molecules

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


We present time-resolved femtosecond photoelectron momentum images and angular distributions of dissociating, laser-aligned 1,4-dibromobenzene (C6H4Br2) molecules measured in a near-infrared pump, soft-x-ray probe experiment performed at an x-ray free-electron laser. The observed alignment dependence of the bromine 2p photoelectron angular distributions is compared to density functional theory calculations and interpreted in terms of photoelectron diffraction. While no clear time-dependent effects are observed in the angular distribution of the Br(2p) photoelectrons, other, low-energy electrons show a pronounced dependence on the time delay between the near-infrared laser and the x-ray pulse.


  • D. Rolles
  • R. Boll
  • M. Adolph
  • A. Aquila
  • C. Bostedt
  • J. D. Bozek
  • H. N. Chapman
  • R. Coffee
  • N. Coppola
  • P. Decleva
  • T. Delmas
  • S. W. Epp
  • B. Erk
  • F. Filsinger
  • L. Foucar
  • L. Gumprecht
  • A. Hoemke
  • T. Gorkhover
  • L. Holmegaard
  • Ch Kaiser
  • F. Krasniqi
  • K-U Kuehnel
  • J. Maurer
  • M. Messerschmidt
  • R. Moshammer
  • W. Quevedo
  • I. Rajkovic
  • A. Rouzee
  • B. Rudek
  • I. Schlichting
  • C. Schmidt
  • S. Schorb
  • C. D. Schroeter
  • J. Schulz
  • H. Stapelfeldt
  • M. Stener
  • S. Stern
  • S. Techert
  • J. Thogersen
  • M. J. J. Vrakking
  • A. Rudenko
  • J. Kuepper
  • J. Ullrich
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics


  • free-electron laser, photoelectron diffraction, molecular-frame, photoelectron angular distributions, laser alignment, femtosecond, pump-probe
Original languageEnglish
Article number124035
JournalJournal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Publication categoryResearch