Flight of the dragonflies and damselflies

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


This work is a synthesis of our current understanding of the mechanics, aerodynamics and visuallymediated control of dragonfly and damselfly flight, with the addition of new experimental and computational data in several key areas. These are: the diversity of dragonfly wing morphologies, the aerodynamics of gliding flight, force generation in flapping flight, aerodynamic efficiency, comparative flight performance and pursuit strategies during predatory and territorial flights. Newdata are set in context by brief reviews covering anatomy at several scales, insect aerodynamics, neuromechanics and behaviour. We achieve a new perspective by means of a diverse range of techniques, including laser-line mapping of wing topographies, computational fluid dynamics simulations of finely detailed wing geometries, quantitative imaging using particle image velocimetry of on-wing and wake flow patterns, classical aerodynamic theory, photography in the field, infrared motion capture and multi-camera optical tracking of free flight trajectories in laboratory environments. Our comprehensive approach enables a novel synthesis of datasets and subfields that integrates many aspects of flight from the neurobiology of the compound eye, through the aeromechanical interface with the surrounding fluid, to flight performance under cruising and higher-energy behavioural modes.


External organisations
  • University College London
  • Chiba University
  • Howard Hughes Medical Institute
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Biological Sciences


  • Aerodynamics, Biomechanics, Flight, Odonata, Performance, Prey capture
Original languageEnglish
Article number20150389
JournalPhilosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
Issue number1704
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Sep 26
Publication categoryResearch