Fluid exchanges across the parietal peritoneal and pleural mesothelia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In 31 anesthetized rabbits, after removal of superficial tissues, glass micropipettes filled with 0.5 M NaCl solution and connected to an electrohydraulic servo-null system were used to measure extraperitoneal interstitial fluid pressure (Pi,per) and peritoneal liquid pressure (Pliq,per) at various heights. Linear regressions relating pressure to recording height (H) were Pi,per = 1.07 - 0.27H and Pliq,per = 0.9 - 0.64H, respectively. Protein concentration (Cp;g/dl) and colloid osmotic pressure (II; cmH2O) of plasma and of peritoneal and pleural liquids were 5.48 +/- 0.38 and 24.61 +/- 3.23, 3.07 +/- 0.5 and 13.29 +/- 1.87, and 1.76 +/- 0.42 and 8.45 +/- 2, respectively. The equation relating II to Cp was II = 4.64Cp + 0.0027Cp2. Tissue fluid samples were collected with saline-soaked wicks implanted in vivo or dry wicks inserted postmortem in extraperitoneal and extrapleural interstitial spaces. After 60 and 15 min, respectively, wicks were withdrawn and centrifuged; wick fluid was analyzed in colloid osmometer for small samples. Average extraperitoneal and extrapleural II values were 14.2 +/- 2.49 and 11.94 +/- 1.52 cmH2O, corresponding to Cp of 3.07 and 2.57 g/dl, respectively. The average net pressure gradient, assuming reflection coefficient and hydraulic conductivity (Negrini et al. J. Appl. Physiol. 69: 625-630, 1990; 71: 2543-2547, 1991), was 1.18 and 0.98 cmH2O for parietal peritoneal and pleural mesothelia, respectively, favoring filtration from the extraserosal interstitia into the serosal cavities. Total parietal peritoneal filtration was 1.49 ml.kg-1.h-1, approximately 15-fold higher than that for pleural mesothelium.

Details

Authors
  • D Negrini
  • M del Fabbro
  • Daniele Venturoli
External organisations
  • External Organization - Unknown
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Physiology
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1779-1784
JournalJournal of Applied Physiology
Volume74
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1993
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes
Externally publishedYes