Fluid-Fluid Transitions at Bulk Supercritical Conditions

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Abstract

We use three different polymer solvent mixture models to theoretically determine the existence of capillary-induced phase separation in simple pores under supercritical bulk conditions. These models undergo bulk demixing, due to quite different mechanisms, yet readily display supercritical transitions without the use of esoteric interactions in the capillary. The theoretical method used to analyze these systems is density functional theory. We find that capillary demixing is not reliant on the presence of a pure surface transition but may occur in the absence of the latter. This is shown by considering cases where the surface enhancement factor is too weak to cause demixing at a single surface or else the bulk conditions are supercritical to both bulk and surface transitions. This phenomenon may prove useful in applications involving adsorption from mixtures into porous particles.

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Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • University of New South Wales
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Theoretical Chemistry
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2659-2666
JournalLangmuir
Volume29
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

Bibliographic note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Theoretical Chemistry (S) (011001039)

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