Fluorescent Nanowire Heterostructures as a Versatile Tool for Biology Applications

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Nanowires are increasingly used in biology, as sensors, as injection devices, and us model systems for toxicity studies. Currently, in situ visualization of nanowires in biological media is done using organic dyes, which a;:e prone to photobleaching, or using microscopy methods which either yield poor resolution or require a sophisticated setup. Here we show that inherently fluorescent nanowire axial heterostructnies c:an be used to localize and identify nanowires in cells and tissue; By synthesizing GaP GaInP nanowire heterostructures, with nonfluorescent GaP segments and fluorescent GaInP segments, we created a barcode labeling system enabling the distinction of the nanowire morphological and chemical properties using fluorescence microscopy. The GaInP photoluminescence stability, combined with the fact that the nanowires can be coated with different materials while retaining their fluorescence, make these nanowires promising tools for biological and nanotoxicological studies.


Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Nano Technology


  • Nanowires, fluorescence, photoluminescence, photobleaching, cells, toxicology
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4728-4732
JournalNano Letters
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Publication categoryResearch