Fluorinated 4-quinolones induce hyperproduction of interleukin 2
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The fluorinated 4-quinolones are a 'new' group of antibiotics with a broad antibacterial spectrum. They are already widely used in clinical practice. Previous studies have shown that these drugs increase the uptake of [3H]-thymidine into DNA of mitogen-stimulated lymphocytes but inhibit cell growth and immunoglobulin secretion. This study shows that the 4-quinolones strongly (up to 100 times) increase the recovery of interleukin 2 (IL-2) in culture supernatants of phytohemagglutinin (PHA)-stimulated normal human lymphocytes and also prolong the kinetics of IL-2 production. The effect was significant at clinically achievable concentrations (5 μg/ml). In addition to hyperproduction of IL-2, the level of RNA hybridizing with a human IL-2 cDNA probe was also intensely elevated (16-32 times) in PHA-stimulated lymphocytes cultured with ciprofloxacin (80 μg/ml). The mechanism responsible for 4-quinolone-mediated effects on T cells is at present unclear, but evidence is presented that suggests the effect is not exerted at the level of protein kinase C activation. Ciprofloxacin at 80 μg/ml also decreased the expression of IL-2 receptors measured by immunofluorescence with CD 25 antibodies and a radiolabeled IL-2 binding assay. At the same concentration of ciprofloxacin, there was a very low expression of the transferrin receptor and the cell size increased very little in human lymphocytes after PHA stimulation. The enhanced IL-2 production by 4-quinolones may contribute to side effects reported when these drugs are used for treatment of patients.
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|Publication status||Published - 1989 Jan 1|