Fog deposition on a coniferous forest in The Netherlands

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Fog deposition on a coniferous forest in The Netherlands. / Vermeulen, Alex; Wyers, GP; Romer, FG; VanLeeuwen, NFM; Draaijers, GPJ; Erisman, JW.

In: Atmospheric Environment, Vol. 31, No. 3, 1997, p. 375-386.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Vermeulen, A, Wyers, GP, Romer, FG, VanLeeuwen, NFM, Draaijers, GPJ & Erisman, JW 1997, 'Fog deposition on a coniferous forest in The Netherlands', Atmospheric Environment, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 375-386. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1352-2310(96)00056-8

APA

Vermeulen, A., Wyers, GP., Romer, FG., VanLeeuwen, NFM., Draaijers, GPJ., & Erisman, JW. (1997). Fog deposition on a coniferous forest in The Netherlands. Atmospheric Environment, 31(3), 375-386. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1352-2310(96)00056-8

CBE

Vermeulen A, Wyers GP, Romer FG, VanLeeuwen NFM, Draaijers GPJ, Erisman JW. 1997. Fog deposition on a coniferous forest in The Netherlands. Atmospheric Environment. 31(3):375-386. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1352-2310(96)00056-8

MLA

Vancouver

Author

Vermeulen, Alex ; Wyers, GP ; Romer, FG ; VanLeeuwen, NFM ; Draaijers, GPJ ; Erisman, JW. / Fog deposition on a coniferous forest in The Netherlands. In: Atmospheric Environment. 1997 ; Vol. 31, No. 3. pp. 375-386.

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Fog deposition on a coniferous forest in The Netherlands

AU - Vermeulen, Alex

AU - Wyers, GP

AU - Romer, FG

AU - VanLeeuwen, NFM

AU - Draaijers, GPJ

AU - Erisman, JW

PY - 1997

Y1 - 1997

N2 - Fog deposition in December 1992 and February 1993 (two periods of several days in which fog occurred) was monitored at the location Speulderbos in The Netherlands. Fog droplet deposition was measured with eddy correlation and samples of fog water were taken with a string collector. At the same time, throughfall deposition was measured and throughfall water was sampled. The occult (fog/cloud) deposition during these periods was 3.4 and 2.0 mg m(-2) s(-1), respectively Throughfall fluxes measured during these periods were a factor of three higher. The contribution of occult deposition to the total acid deposition to forests in The Netherlands is estimated to be about 5%. A clear relationship between the friction veracity u(*) and turbulent deposition velocity v(t) of fog droplets could be derived. The measured turbulent deposition-velocity for fog is half the deposition velocity for impulse v(m). Copyright (C) 1996 Elsevier Science Ltd

AB - Fog deposition in December 1992 and February 1993 (two periods of several days in which fog occurred) was monitored at the location Speulderbos in The Netherlands. Fog droplet deposition was measured with eddy correlation and samples of fog water were taken with a string collector. At the same time, throughfall deposition was measured and throughfall water was sampled. The occult (fog/cloud) deposition during these periods was 3.4 and 2.0 mg m(-2) s(-1), respectively Throughfall fluxes measured during these periods were a factor of three higher. The contribution of occult deposition to the total acid deposition to forests in The Netherlands is estimated to be about 5%. A clear relationship between the friction veracity u(*) and turbulent deposition velocity v(t) of fog droplets could be derived. The measured turbulent deposition-velocity for fog is half the deposition velocity for impulse v(m). Copyright (C) 1996 Elsevier Science Ltd

KW - air pollution

KW - pollutants

KW - environmental impact

KW - acidification

KW - eddy

KW - correlation

KW - throughfall

KW - micrometeorology

KW - deposition velocity

KW - fog

KW - droplets

KW - turbulent exchange

KW - interception

KW - liquid water content

KW - forest

KW - canopy

KW - occult deposition

U2 - 10.1016/S1352-2310(96)00056-8

DO - 10.1016/S1352-2310(96)00056-8

M3 - Article

VL - 31

SP - 375

EP - 386

JO - Atmospheric Environment

JF - Atmospheric Environment

SN - 1352-2310

IS - 3

ER -