Follow up with HPV test and cytology as test of cure, 6 months after conization, is reliable

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Introduction: Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is an objective marker with a high sensitivity for finding cervical dysplasia. The objective of the current study is to investigate whether HPV testing, combined with liquid-based cytology, is reliable as a test of cure after the loop electrical excision procedure (LEEP). Material and methods: The LEEP was performed in 330 women for excision of cervical dysplasia. Follow up consisted of HPV testing and liquid-based cytology at six, 12, and 36 months after treatment. Patients with negative co-testing after 6 months were re-examined after 3 years. Patients who tested positive for high-risk HPV and/or dysplasia were followed up 12 months postoperatively. Results: At 6 months, the co-testing was double negative in 169 of 260 tested cases (65%). A positive high-risk HPV test (n = 40) was associated with cytological abnormalities (p < 0.001). After 3 years, 227 of 275 examined cases (83%) co-tested negative, including 154 patients who had already tested negative at 6 months and 37 cases with viral clearance at 12 months. Of 26 patients with high-risk HPV at the 3-year follow up, six had LSIL findings on liquid-based cytology, but neither HSIL lesions nor glandular atypia or cervical cancer was found. A negative high-risk HPV test showed a negative predictive value for HSIL of 100% (95% CI 99.8–100%). Conclusions: Negative co-testing 6 months after LEEP can be considered a reliable test of cure as 3-year follow-up results are consistent with neither HSIL or cancer.


External organisations
  • Skåne University Hospital
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine


  • cervical cancer, cervical dysplasia, cervix, conization, Human papillomavirus
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1251-1257
Number of pages7
JournalActa Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Nov 1
Publication categoryResearch