Food-borne outbreak of gastroenteritis associated with genogroup I calicivirus.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

An outbreak of gastroenteritis affecting 158 of 219 (72%) guests and employees at a hotel is described. Food served at the hotel restaurant is believed to have been the source of the outbreak and to have been contaminated by sick employees working in the restaurant. A secondary attack rate of 22% was seen involving 43 persons in all. In stool specimens from seven of eight patients, Norwalk-like viruses (NLVs) were detected by electron microscopy. While NLV-specific PCR using primers JV12 and JV13 were negative, all specimens examined with primers NVp69 and NVp110 were positive. The failure of primers JV12 and JV13 was attributed to several mismatches in the JV12 primer. Genotyping and sequence analysis revealed that all samples had identical sequences and clustered with genogroup I, and the most closely related well-characterized genotype is Desert Shield. This is the first described food-borne outbreak associated with genogroup I virus in Sweden.

Details

Authors
  • Hugo Johansson
  • Maria Torvén
  • Ann-Christin Hammarlund
  • Ulla Björne
  • Kjell-Olof Hedlund
  • Lennart Svensson
Organisations
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Microbiology in the medical area

Keywords

  • Caliciviridae Infections/*epidemiology/virology, Child, Preschool, *Disease Outbreaks, Feces/virology, Food Poisoning/*epidemiology/virology, Gastroenteritis/*epidemiology/virology, Genotype, Human, Incidence, Middle Age, Non-U.S. Gov't, Support, 80 and over, Caliciviridae/*classification, Aged, Adult, Adolescence
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)794-798
JournalJournal of Clinical Microbiology
Volume40
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2002
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

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