Formation mechanism of mesoporous silica formed with triblock copolymers; effect of salt addition

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Abstract

SBA-15 was synthesised with Pluronic P104 ((EO)(27)-(PO)(61)-(EO)(27))) its Structure promoter at 45 degrees C, with and without NaCl (1.0 M) added to the Synthesis Mixture. TEOS (tetraethyl orthosilicate) was used as silica source. The formation process was studied by in-situ SAXS/SAXD using synchrotron light. Addition of salt affects the micellar size, initial cell-parameter of the 2-D hexagonal phase (p6mm) as well as the kinetics of the aggregation of the polymer-silica composite. The effects caused by the salt are explained by a general ionic effect. The salt makes the aqueous Solution more polar and hence a worse solvent for the polymer. The ethylene oxide chains of the polymer will be more solvophobic. This leads to a larger aggregation number ofthe micelles as well as to a stronger interaction between them.

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  • Physical Chemistry
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)97-104
JournalStudies in Surface Science and Catalysis
Volume158
Publication statusPublished - 2005
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes