"Från det att jag var liten har det alltid varit boll." Om konstruktionen av femininitet bland elitsatsande fotbollstjejer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


This article deals with the construction of femininity among female football players. The issue focuses on how girls, competing in a typically male sports, talk about and look upon themselves. The data has been derived from participant observations of a Swedish female football team, as well as from open-ended interviews with seven of the players, between 15 and 18 years old. The following aspects are discussed: Why the girls originally began to play football; their present motivation for continuing to play, their talk about the differences between women’s and men’s football; and how playing football influences the construction of femininity. I argue that the way these girls conduct themselves both physically and mentally, destabilises the feminine norm, thereby allowing a shift to occur. Rather than remaining objects for other’s gazes, they are transformed into acting subjects.


  • Elisabet Apelmo
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)


  • fotboll, könsroller, könsidentitet, sociologi, genus, sociology, normer, damfotboll, idrottskvinnor, sport, idrott, fotbollsspelare
Translated title of the contribution”Ever since I was a kid, it’s always been football.” About the Construction of Femininity Among Girls Aiming to Compete at the Highest Level of Football
Original languageSwedish
JournalIdrottsforum.Org / Nordic Sport Science Forum
Issue number45
Publication statusPublished - 2005
Publication categoryResearch